Praise for the man who helped restore Bath’s Spa.

Bath and North East Somerset Council has been paying its condolences to the family of Dr. Geoffrey Kellaway – the man who helped the city restore its Spa status after the discovery of pathogenic amoebae in the hot springs  forced their complete closure in the late1970’s.

Dr Kellaway – who was a former Geologist Consultant to the Council –  died last week.

Cllr Paul Crossley Leader, B&NES
Cllr Paul Crossley
Leader, B&NES

Councillor Paul Crossley, Leader of B&NES, said, “ Dr. Kellaway made a significant and highly valued contribution to the heritage of our area. His work and research on the Hot Springs continue to be important to Bath, ensuring that one of the city’s most treasured assets will be maintained for generations to come. We are all very sorry to hear of his passing.

“His legacy includes supporting the restoration of the Spa to working order – something that has not only been good for the economy of Bath but also for its soul as it is one of the unique assets that Bath has.

This success has been matched by the confidence of the YTL group who are investing so much in the new Gainsborough Hotel.”

The Gainsborough Hotel taking shape
The Gainsborough Hotel taking shape

Since Roman times Bath has been famous for its hot springs and for the treatment centre they offered. Elizabeth the First placed them under the care of the city authorities in 1590 and, from that time until the complete closure of spa facilities in 1977, Bath was an important medical and social centre – reaching the peak of its fame in the 18th century,

In 1977 the discovery of pathogenic amoebae in the water closed the bathing pools and also the pipeline supplying the water for treatment to the Royal Mineral Water Hospital. For the first time in nearly two thousand years the natural springs were not being used by man.

In response to this disaster Bath City Council mounted a major geological investigation in order to restore a supply of biologically ‘clean’ thermal water. This work was carried out on the advice of Dr Kellaway with the assistance of the Wessex Water Authority and the co-operation of scientists from the British Geological Survey, the Universities of Bristol and Bath and the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in London.

Apparently microbiological work was also carried out in the Pathological laboratory of the Royal United Hospital in Bath  with other medical investigations based at the Bristol Royal Infirmary

The King's Bath or Sacred Spring - fed by three-quarters of a million litres of natural water a day.
The King’s Bath or Sacred Spring – fed by three-quarters of a million litres of natural water a day.

Dr. Kellaway undertook an extensive investigation of the Bath Hot Springs over a period of 25 years and designed the boreholes to ensure that clean hot water fed the springs subsequently.

He edited the definitive review of research into the hot springs (Hot Springs of Bath, 1991, Edited by G.A. Kellaway, Bath City Council).   Dr. Kellaway was a joint author of our paper recently published in the Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology (McCann, C., Mann, A..C., McCann, D.M, and Kellaway, G.A., 2013, Insights into the origin of the thermal springs of Bath and Bristol, England from geophysical data, Q.J.E.G.H., 46,267-279).

Dr. Kellaway was born in Bristol and undertook major geological surveys in the South-West from pre-war times onwards, in his capacity as a geologist with the British Geological Survey.  He was a very eminent and outstanding geologist.